Oculus Rift DK1

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Oculus Rift DK1
Oculus rift dk11.jpg
Basic Info
VR/AR Virtual Reality
Type Head-mounted display
Subtype Discrete HMD
Platform Oculus Rift (Platform)
Developer Oculus VR
Release Date March 29, 2013
Price $300
Website Oculus.com
Requires PC
Predecessor None
Successor Oculus Rift DK2
Operating System Windows, Mac, Linux
Display 7 inch LCD
Resolution 1280 x 800, 640 x 800 per eye
Pixel Density 215 PPI
Refresh Rate 60 Hz [1]
Persistence 3 ms
Field of View 110° (Nominal)
Tracking 3DOF
Rotational Tracking Gyroscope, Accelerometer, Magnetometer
Positional Tracking None
Update Rate Rotational: 1000 Hz
Latency Tracking: 2ms, End-to-end: 50-60ms
Weight .84 lbs (380g)
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Oculus Rift DK 1 or Development Kit 1 is the first version of Oculus Rift Virtual Reality head-mounted display released by Oculus VR. DK1 was released on March 29, 2013 for 300 dollars. A Kickstarter campaign for DK1 begin in August 2012. Pre-orders for DK1 became available on Oculus' website on September 26, 2012. DK1 is intended to be used by developers and hardcore VR enthusiasts to create VR content. It was discontinued after the release of Oculus Rift DK2.

On January 5, 2016, Oculus VR announced that the original Kickstarter backers of DK1 will receive a special Kickstarter Edition of the Rift.


Oculus Rift DK1 is a large, black, goggle-like device that is strapped across your eyes. There are cushions lining the sides of the goggles to give you comfort. The display of DK1 is a RGB LCD screen with a resolution of 1280 x 800 or 640 x 800 per eye. It has a diagonal FOV of 110° and horizontal FOV of 90°.

Oculus Rift DK1 tracks the rotational movement of your head with Gyroscope, Accelerometer and Magnetometer. It allows you to look around and become immersed in the virtual world. The overall latency is about 50 to 60ms.

It comes with 3 different pairs of lenses along with the ability to adjust the focal lengths of the display. The material of the actual lenses is either polycarbonate or acrylic.

While DK1 offers a fairly immersive experience, it is not perfect. When using the device, motion blur is quite apparent. It also has pixelation due to low resolution and the appearance of looking through a screen door.

In addition to the head-mounted display, DK1 has a brick-like device called the control box. User must connect the HMD to the control box before it can be hooked up to PC. Along with various I/O ports such as HDMI, DVI, Mini USB and DC connector, Control box allows the user to change the brightness and contrast of his or her display. The video input for the HMD is DVI. The control box changes PC's HDMI output into DVI.


Part Spec
Display 7 inch LCD
Resolution 1280 x 800, 640 x 800 per eye
Refresh Rate 60 Hz
Persistence 3 ms
Field of View 110° (Nominal)
Interaxial Distance 63.5mm
Tracking 3 degrees of freedom
Rotational Tracking Gyroscope, Accelerometer, Magnetometer
Update Rate Rotational: 1000Hz
Tracking Latency 2ms
End-to-end Latency 50-60ms
Connectivity USB, HDMI
Weight .84 lbs (380g)

Setup Tutorial

  1. Remove the DK1 headset and Control Box from the case. headset is attached to the Control Box through a cord.
  2. Adjust the headset strap (lateral) so the headset fit comfortably in front of your face. Use and adjust the over-the-top strap if needed.
  3. There are 3 pairs of lenses. The taller lenses (A) are for users with perfect or farsighted vision. The short lenses (B) and (C) are for users that are nearsighted. B is for moderately nearsighted users while C is for very nearsighted ones. A Lenses are installed in a new headset. You can switch the lenses with turn and lock-in mechanism. Note that, use A Lenses if you plan to wear glasses or contacts while using the headset.
  4. Adjust the distances between your eyes and the lenses, called eye relief, by turning the screw on the sides of the headset with a coin. Adjust both sides equally.
  5. Control Box is the square attached to the DK1 through a cord. It has 4 connectors: USB, Power, HDMI and DVI.
  6. Attached the USB cable to the Control Box and your computer.
  7. Plug the power cord to an outlet and connect it to the Control Box.
  8. Use either the HDMI or DVI and connect it to the same type of port on your computer.
  9. Turn on the Control Box with the power button. The other buttons adjust brightness and contrast of the headset display.[2]
  10. Download and install the Oculus Runtime for your OS from https://developer.oculus.com/downloads/.
  11. Right click your desktop and go to Screen Resolution or go to Display Settings. There are 2 Displays, one of them is Rift DK. Under the Multiple displays: tab, select Duplicate these displays.
  12. Run Oculus Configuration Utility (OculusConfigUtil) and configure the headset to your specifications.
  13. Click on Show Demo Scene to make sure everything is positioned correctly.[3]


VR Apps from Oculus Share and other App Stores


Oculus SDK

Oculus SDK


  1. VRcompare. Oculus Rift DK1 Specs. Retrieved from https://vr-compare.com/headset/oculusriftdk1
  2. http://static.oculus.com/sdk-downloads/documents/Oculus_Rift_Development_Kit_Instruction_Manual.pdf
  3. http://static.oculus.com/sdk-downloads/documents/Oculus_User_Guide_0.4.4.pdf