PlayStation VR

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PlayStation VR
VR/AR Virtual Reality
Type Head-mounted display
Subtype Discrete HMD
Platform PlayStation VR
Developer Sony
Manufacturer Sony
Operating System PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita
Requires PlayStation 4
Predecessor Project Morpheus
Successor PlayStation VR 2
Display 5.7 inch OLED
Resolution 1920 x 1080, 960 x 1080 per eye
Pixel Density 386 PPI
Refresh Rate 90 Hz, 120 Hz [1]
Persistence 2.5ms
Field of View 100°
Optics  ??
Tracking 6DOF
Rotational Tracking Accelerometer, Gyroscope
Positional Tracking PlayStation Camera
Update Rate  ?
Tracking Volume 72°H x 45°V (15 feet range estimated)
Latency Less than 18ms
Audio 3D audio
Input DualShock 4 Wireless Controller, PlayStation Move Motion Controller, PlayStation VR Aim
Connectivity HDMI, USB
Cable Length  ??
Release Date October 13, 2016
Price $399
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PlayStation VR, formerly known as Project Morpheus, is a Virtual Reality head-mounted display developed by Sony. Initially unveiled in GDC 2014, PlayStation VR is designed to be compatible with PlayStation 4 and PlayStation Vita. PlayStation VR features include a stylish and sleek visor with wide field of view display, 6 degrees of freedom head tracker and a 3D audio output.

PlayStation VR was released in the October 13, 2016 for $399. PlayStation Camera, which is required, is sold separately. Users can purchase PlayStation VR Launch bundle for $499 that includes not only the HMD, but also the PlayStation Camera, 2 PlayStation Move controllers and PlayStation VR Worlds game.

Advantages and Features

  • Fixed spec platform - PS4
  • Established controller interface - DualShock 4 controller and PlayStation Move with PlayStation Camera
  • Large PS4 player base - over 20 million
  • Established content marketplace and ecosystem
  • Popular, intuitive and motion tracked controllers

Technical Features

  • Low latency
  • High framerate - 120 Hz - renders at 60 Hz, reprojects at 120 Hz
  • More pixels on the center of view to match human visual system.
  • Unified tracking support for all PS VR and Input devices such as the HMD, DualShock 4, Move and Move Navigation.
  • Multiple devices are tracked in the same coordinate space in any combination.
  • VR players and non-VR players playing together.
  • 3D audio
PSVR presentation


Core Bundle retails for $399 while the Launch Bundle retails for $499.

Core Bundle

  • Processor unit
  • HMD connection cable
  • HDMI cable
  • USB cable
  • Stereo headphones
  • AC power cord
  • AC adaptor
  • PlayStation VR Demo game

Launch Bundle


PlayStation VR' curved, stylish black visor is worn over your eyes. The black visor features a 1080p HD OLED display with 960 x 1080 resolution for each eye. It's edges consist of LED lights that emit a glowing blue light when the device is in use. A white, headband-like apparatus extrudes from top of the visor. The headband-like apparatus is worn over your head to securely and comfortably attach the visor over your eyes. Additional black strap is worn around your head to further adhere the visor to your face. Because of the sensor placed at the back of your head, you can make 180 degree turns and allow PSVR to accurately detect your line of sight.

PlayStation VR connects to a PlayStation 4 for information processing and streaming. A small, black box called External Processing Unit (EPU) also called Breakout Box is required to be connected to the PS4. EPU handles the output of HMD view to a monitor, 3D audio processing, and display PS4's software interface in the Cinematic mode. Note that EPU does NOT provide extra GPU, CPU or help PS to distort the HMD output.

PlayStation VR integrates with various other products in the PlayStation universe such as PlayStation Camera, PS Move and PS4 Controller. PSVR integrates with the PlayStation Camera to accurately track the user's head movements and positions. With help of the 9 LEDs on the HMD, the PS Camera tracks the user up to 1000 times per second. The camera allows more precise tracking when combined with in-helmet sensors.

PlayStation VR uses the 3D audio technology developed by Sony. Users will not only experience sound from left, right, front and back but also hear sound from above and below.



  • Note that these are prototype specs released on 3/18/2014 in GDC 2014.[2]
Part Spec
Component Processor unit, head-mounted unit
Display 5.7 inch OLED, low persistence (2.5ms)
Resolution 1920 x 1080 (960 x 1080 per eye)
Frame Rate 90 Hz, 120 Hz
Field of View 100°
Tracking 6 degrees of freedom
Rotational Tracking Accelerometer, Gyroscope
Positional Tracking PlayStation Camera and 9 LEDs on the HMD
Latency <18ms
Input DualShock 4 Wireless Controller*
PlayStation Move Motion Controller*
Output To both VR headset and TV screen
Mirrored and Separate Modes
Connectivity HDMI, USB
Audio 3D audio with stereo mini jack and mic input

*These items are sold separately, they are not part of PSVR.


  • Size: 140x140x35mm
  • Connectivity: HDMI input and output, USB

Setup Tutorial

Input Devices

PlayStation Move Motion Controller

PlayStation VR Aim

DualShock 4 Wireless Controller


PSVR games trailer from PlayStation Experience 2015

Various games for PlayStation 4 will be compatible with PSVR.

See also: PSVR Games

All PlayStation VR games: Game Name - Company - Release Date


PlayStation VR SDK is under development.

Tracking volume

See also: Tracking volume

Playstation vr tracking volume1.png

72°H x 45°V (15 feet range estimate)

Room size: 15 feet by 15 feet


Asynchronous Reprojection

Asynchronous Reprojection aka Timewarp - developers can render their game at 60 fps then use Asynchronous Reprojection to increase the fps to 120.

Cinematic Mode

Cinematic Mode allows the user to play all the PS4 games wearing the HMD.


March 22, 2016 - Pre-orders for PlayStation VR began for various retailers such as Amazon, Best Buy, Target, GameStop, Walmart etc.

June 16, 2016 - Sony announced that PlayStation VR Demos will be available in 30 GameStop and Best Buy in North America starting from June 17 and 18. Starting from June 24, PlayStation VR Demos will be available in 300 locations across U.S. and Canada.

October 13, 2016 - PlayStation VR is released for $399 for the core HMD and $499 for the HMD and the camera and controller.

February 19, 2017 - 915,000 units of PlayStation VR have been sold worldwide.


Project morpheus1.jpg

Image of Project Morpheus, prototype of PlayStation VR. Notice the lack of positional tracking LEDs


  1. VRcompare. PlayStation VR Specs. Retrieved from

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